Hydroponic gardens are all about optimising yield by taking use of the many benefits that a hydroponic system affords. Vertical hydroponic systems, on the other hand, not only take up less space, but also use almost 90% less water and produce a considerably higher yield.
They may be placed in your backyard, on balconies, in your kitchen garden, or even within your house. This is a method that blends hydroponics with vertical planting methods to deliver the best of both worlds. So, here’s all you need to know about establishing an indoor vertical garden:
The most efficient methods for establishing a vertical hydroponic garden at home
Different designs and methods may be used to create hydroponic vertical gardens, but the essentials stay the same. A vertical hydroponic garden, also known as a hydroponic wall garden or hydroponic tower, is a structure made of PVC pipes, cups or containers where the plants grow, a reservoir, a water pump, and grow lights. The water containing the hydroponic nutrients is pushed to the top of the tower, where it trickles down via the plant roots into the reservoir.
Vertical hydroponics also has various benefits. The most significant benefit is that indoor vertical gardens enable individuals to put up hydroponic gardens inside their houses, enabling them to grow more product in less area. Because hydroponics does not need soil, it is great for vertical farming, you may create a light, portable, and easy-to-manage vertical garden. It is very efficient since it allows you to produce 4-5 times more plants in the same amount of area, and it is also more cost-effective because it uses less water and nutritional solutions.
Hydroponic tower that is vertical
The vertical hydroponic tower’s basic concept is to utilise a PVC pipe or a larger drainage pipe as the primary structure via which water is pushed into the plants. This main tower has holes drilled at regular intervals through which plants are cultivated within cups or holding nets.
Water is pumped to the top of the tower, where it flows down the system via the containers and settles in the reservoir below. You have the option of using a single tube to provide water to the plants or many channels for each layer, resulting in more efficient plant watering. The containers housing the plants must be set at a 45-degree slant to allow water to drain.
Vertical zigzag hydroponic system
This kind of vertical hydroponic system has several pipes placed in a zig-zag pattern to maximise space and yield. This is a more compact design arrangement, with the plant pots at the standard 90-degree angle.
This system use the NFT (nutrient film method) to develop the plants, with water pushed directly from the top of the device and trickling down in a steady stream.
Installation of a Rain Tower
The Rain Tower configuration is the standard one-pipe tower design with a significantly more effective water circulation mechanism. Because there is little waste of resources, this system is ideal for optimising the use of water and fertiliser solutions. The water flow is readily managed, and the system aids plant growth by effectively pumping water and nutrients into the roots.
How to Make a Vertical Hydroponic Garden
Vertical gardens are as simple to set up as they are efficient and successful. A vertical hydroponic garden requires just the most basic hydroponic materials.
A large PVC pipe (usually 3 inches in diameter or more)
Cap at the end
A container with a minimum capacity of 5 gallons and a cover is required.
Pump for water
Plant cups and containers
LED plant lights
Other necessary instruments include a drill, tape, ruler, markers, and a mitre saw.
Set up a vertical garden by following these instructions.
As the reservoir, place the PVC pipe in the 5-gallon container.
Make holes in the PVC pipe for the containers that will be used to grow the plants. To house the plant pots, you may cleverly employ the full 360-degree surface of the pipe.
Make sure the containers are inserted at a 45-degree angle.
Use the water pump to send water to the top of the pipe, which then trickles down the system, giving all plants with the necessary nutrients.
Even while vertical hydroponics is often a highly effective and successful arrangement, there are certain drawbacks to be aware of. While the amount of water used is modest, creating a flawless trickle-down effect in a vertical system is difficult. Furthermore, if the water pumping is inadequate, it might harm the crop. Providing enough light may also be a concern since the vertical form necessitates the careful placement of lamps to ensure that all plants get the necessary quantity.